The First-Year Writing courses necessitate a great deal of contact with others’ words and others’ ideas. Indeed, the courses might be said to be centered around this back-and-forth with other writers. Consequently, it is very important that instructors clearly and thoroughly explain the difference between acceptable, productive engagement with texts and plagiarism. The boundaries between ethical scholarship and misuse of sources—or, even worse, outright plagiarism (stealing another’s ideas or claiming another’s words as one’s own, particularly for credit)—can be difficult for students to understand until they have spent a good deal of time writing and rewriting with other writers.
The best way to address plagiarism before it happens, of course, is to dedicate some class time to the concept of ethical scholarship and of academic writing as conversation, as well as to the conventions of citation and attribution, before students have written their essays. We urge instructors to share the program’s statement on ethical scholarship and plagiarism with students sometime before the first essay final draft is due, and to spend time in class working with the terms provided in that statement. However, we also encourage a broader conversation about ethical scholarship that goes beyond plagiarism, and that fits within an overall framework developed throughout the semester of academic writing as an act of joining an on-going conversation (and observing certain standards within that conversation).
With these guidelines in mind, we here provide:
- First-Year Writing Program’s Statement on Plagiarism, to be discussed in all FYW courses (or download a PDF)
- Plagiarism Awareness Contract, for students to read over and sign to indicate their acceptance of these conventions and their understanding of the standards of ethical scholarship to which they will be held
- Plagiarism Discussion Activity (optional), an interactive way of discussing academic misconduct with students (produced by Sarah Rasher).
- Academic Misconduct Review Procedure, for reference in case of a plagiarism situation. These procedures must be followed should an instructor discover plagiarism in their student’s writing.
- Sample Plagiarism/Misconduct Letter, for reference in case of a plagiarism situation. An official notification letter must be sent to the student in the case of a plagiarism accusation (see the procedures, above, for details).